On the history of the word golimyj

2018. № 2 (36), 148-158

Niyaz I. KireyevUfa 45th School with in-depth study of individual subjects, Ufa, Russia


The subject of my study is the history of the adjective golimyj, a derivative of golyj ‘naked’. Originally a North Russian dialectal word, it spread in Siberian dialects, occurs in Siberian literature and possibly served as a base for the toponym Galimyi. Its primary meaning being ‘pure, unalloyed’, the word developed several secondary meanings, the most important of which is ‘complete, absolute’. In this meaning the adjective became common in criminal argot, from which it was adopted by youth slang. Another meaning, which developed simultaneously in the adverb golimo, is ‘bad’.